The Cryptoquip puzzle you’ve provided is a type of substitution cipher where each letter in the puzzle is replaced by a different letter in the alphabet. The clue “X=G” is used to start the decryption process.
The puzzle: “VZOI HU OL GKWYN DOKY JHNW QNGD VZHMZ O QKYWXKHLX GJIOHLU MNEMHOK XEHWOLMY?”
With the clue “X=G”, the decrypted message is: “WHAT IS AN OLDER MALE BIRD FROM WHICH A FLEDGLING OBTAINS CRUCIAL GUIDANCE?”
The answer to the puzzle is: “A FEATHER FIGURE.” This is a play on words, referencing the term “father figure,” but in the context of birds.